Glucosamine Hcl (shellfish)
Glucosamine is a naturally occurring compound composed of a sugar and an amino acid and is involved with the body’s production of joint lubricants and shock absorption necessary to maintain healthy cartilage and joint function. It is manufactured in the body in the joint cartilage and is one of the major components involved with the formation of the critical lubricants and shock absorbers necessary to maintain and restore healthy joint performance. Glucosamine is also one of the building blocks of articular cartilage and it aids in the rebuilding of damaged cartilage.
Glucosamine is also beneficial to other other body structures besides joints, though. It is involved in the formation of nails, tendons, skin, eyes, synovial fluid, bone, ligaments, heart valves and in mucous secretions of the digestive, respiratory and urinary tracts. It is created in the production of proteins associated with cellular growth and structure.
Glucosamine as a nutritional supplement is extracted from crab, lobster or shrimp shells.
Glucosamine Side Effects: Few side effects occur when treating a dog with glucosamine. With rare exceptions, they are mild and easy to treat.
Mild side effects of glucosamine include vomiting, abnormal stool production (either diarrhea or constipation), and drowsiness, among others.
Severe side effects include allergic reactions if the dog is allergic to shellfish. Any serious side effects should be treated by a veterinarian.
Research on chondroitin sulfate suggests its may be beneficial in preventing stress injuries to joints as well as aiding in the repair of damaged connective tissue. Unlike pain killers which only serve to dull the pain, chondroitin sulfate addresses the disease process itself. Chondroitin sulfate may actually help the body to repair damaged cartilage and help restore joint integrity. It may also protect existing cartilage from premature breakdown as well as keep cartilage tissue hydrated and assist in cushioning impact stress.
Some studies suggest that supplementation with chondroitin sulfate can reduce joint pain significantly. Other studies have shown that combining chondroitin sulfate with glucosamine might improve each substance’s beneficial effects.
Because chondroitin production by the body decreases with age, supplementation with this compound may be especially helpful for older dogs with arthritis.
MSM (Methyl-sulfonylmethane 99.9%)
MSM is a naturally-occurring form of sulfur compound that is produced by ocean planktons, and can be found naturally in foods such as cow’s milk, meat, seafood (e.g. kelp), fruits, nuts, and vegetables. MSM is extremely water soluble and evaporates quickly. It is destroyed by cooking and during storage.
Sulfur is stored in almost every cell in the body. The highest concentrations are found in joints, hair, skin, and nails. Sulfur is essential to the formation of blood proteins, amino acids, conective tissue, and healthy skin.
However, as the body ages, the concentration of MSM in the body begins to decrease, so deficiencies may occur as part of the aging process. A low concentration of MSM in the body may result in both physical and psychological stress, organ and tissue malfunction and fatigue.
In the case of dogs, sulfur deficiencies will result in dull fur or skin problems, poor GI and immune systems, as well as joint pain and arthritis.
MSM is found to be an invaluable substance that can greatly benefit our dogs. The main functions and benefits of MSM are as a cell rejuvenator, an antioxidant, pain reliever and joint healer. It also has an amazing anti-parastic action by competing for receptor sites so when parasites cannot attach themselves, they are simply flushed out of the system.
We use only Opti-MSM which is an ultra-purified and distilled to provide the purest form of sulfur needed for structural integrity of joint cartilage.
Standard MSM is tested for lead, arsenic, cadmium and mercury at 10ppm. Opti-MSM is tested at 1,000 to 10,000 times greater sensitivity to insure less than 0.01 ppm to .001 of these contaminants.
Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.
Giving a dog supplements can be difficult, especially if it is in pill form. Crushing the pill and mixing it with food can be helpful, but often much of the supplement is not ingested. Another option is chewable tablets but these face similar problems if the dog does not want to eat them.
A good method of giving dogs these supplements is the liquid version and pour it over food. Most dogs will not mind the taste and may think of it as a treat. Liquids are known to absorb quicker leading to faster results.
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